Advances in psychiatric diagnosis: Past, present, and future

Carol S North, Alina M Suris

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This editorial examines controversies identified by the articles in this special issue, which explore psychopathology in the broad history of the classification of selected psychiatric disorders and syndromes over time through current American criteria. Psychiatric diagnosis has a long history of scientific investigation and application, with periods of rapid change, instability, and heated controversy associated with it. The articles in this issue examine the history of psychiatric nomenclature and explore current and future directions in psychiatric diagnosis through the various versions of accepted diagnostic criteria and accompanying research literature addressing the criteria. The articles seek to guide readers in appreciating the complexities of psychiatric diagnosis as the field of psychiatry pushes forward toward future advancements in diagnosis. Despite efforts of many scientists to advance a diagnostic classification system that incorporates neuroscience and genetics, it has been argued that it may be premature to attempt to move to a biologically-based classification system, because psychiatric disorders cannot yet be fully distinguished by any specific biological markers. For now, the symptom-based criteria that the field has been using continue to serve many essential purposes, including selection of the most effective treatment, communication about disease with colleagues, education about psychiatric illness, and support for ongoing research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number27
JournalBehavioral Sciences
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Fingerprint

Mental Disorders
Psychiatry
behavior disorders
present
history
diagnostic
neurophysiology
research support
communication (human)
nomenclature
signs and symptoms (animals and humans)
History
education
biomarkers
psychopathology
neurosciences
psychiatry
communication
Neurosciences
Psychopathology

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Controversy
  • Disease classification
  • DSM-5
  • Genetics
  • Medical illness
  • Neuroscience
  • Nosology
  • Psychiatric diagnosis
  • Research Domain Criteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Genetics
  • Development

Cite this

Advances in psychiatric diagnosis : Past, present, and future. / North, Carol S; Suris, Alina M.

In: Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 2, 27, 01.06.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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