We analyzed alterations in transcription factor binding to specific, known promoter DNA consensus sequences between irradiated and unirradiated radioresistant human melanoma (U1-Mel) cells. The goal of this study was to begin to investigate which transcription factors and DNA-binding sites are responsible for the induction of specific transcripts and proteins after ionizing radiation (Boothman et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90, 7200, 1993). Transcription factor binding was observed using DNA band-shift assays and oligonucleotide competition analyses. Confluence-arrested U1-Mel cells were irradiated (4.5 Gy) and harvested at 4 h. Double-stranded oligonucleotides containing known DNA-binding consensus sites for specific transcription factors were used. Increased DNA-binding activity after ionizing radiation was noted with oligonucleotides containing the CREB, NF- κB and Sp1 consensus sites. Increased DNA binding activity after ionizing radiation was noted with oligonucleotides containing the CREB, NF-κB and Sp1 consensus sites. No changes in protein binding to AP-1, AP-2, AP-3, or CTF/NF1, GRE or Oct-1 consensus sequences were noted. X-ray activation of select transcription factors, which bind certain consensus sites in promoters, may cause specific induction or repression of gene transcription.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging