Alzheimer's disease is associated with decreased risk of cancer-specific mortality: A prospective study (NEDICES)

Juan Pablo Romero, Julián Benito-León, Elan D. Louis, Félix Bermejo-Pareja

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with a reduced risk of cancer. However, most studies exclude those with undiagnosed dementia. The only way to overcome this methodological issue is to examine all the participants or to screen the population for symptoms of dementia with a validated instrument and confirm any suspected dementia patients with a clinical examination (i.e., a two-phase investigation method). We used this methodology to estimate whether cancer-specific mortality is associated with AD and other types of dementia in a prospective population-based study (NEDICES) involving 5,278 elderly people. Community-dwelling subjects with and without dementia were identified and followed for a median of 12.5 years, after which the death certificates of those who deceased were examined. A total of 1,976 (47.1%) died, including 277 who had possible or probable AD and 126 with non-AD dementia. Cancer was reported significantly less often in those with possible or probable AD (5.8%) or non-AD dementia (6.3%) than in those without dementia (26.5%). In an unadjusted Cox model, hazard ratio (HR) of cancer-specific mortality in participants with AD = 0.45 (p = 0.002) and HR in participants with non-AD dementia = 0.62 (p = 0.179) when compared to the non-demented group. In a Cox model that adjusted for a variety of demographic factors and co-morbidities, HRs of cancer-specific mortality in participants with AD = 0.50 (p = 0.028) and 0.97 (p = 0.942) in non-AD dementia. This study provides further evidence of an inverse association between cancer and AD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)465-473
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Alzheimer's Disease
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • death certificates
  • dementia
  • elderly
  • epidemiology
  • population-based study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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