Analysis of Drosophila 26 S proteasome using RNA interference

Cezary Wójcikb, George N. Demartino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have utilized double-stranded RNA interference (RNAi) to examine the effects of reduced expression of individual subunits of the 26 S proteasome in Drosophila S2 cells. RNAi significantly decreased mRNA and protein levels of targeted subunits of both the core 20 S proteasome and the PA700 regulatory complex. Cells deficient in any of several 26 S proteasome subunits (e.g. dβ5, dRpt1, dRpt2, dRpt5, dRpn2, and dRpn12) displayed decreased proteasome activity (as judged by hydrolysis of succinyl-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-aminomethylcoumarin), increased apoptosis, decreased cell proliferation without a specific block of the cell cycle, and accumulation of ubiquitinated cellular proteins. RNAi of many individual 26 S proteasome subunits promoted increased expression of many non-targeted subunits. This effect was not mimicked by chemical proteasome inhibitors such as lactacystin. Reduced expression of most targeted subunits disrupted the assembly of the 26 S proteasome. RNAi of six of eight targeted PA700 subunits disrupted that structure and caused accumulation of increased levels of uncapped 20 S proteasome. Notable exceptions included RNAi of dRpn10, a polyubiquitin binding subunit, and dUCH37, a ubiquitin isopeptidase. dRpn10-deficient cells showed a significant increase in succinyl-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-aminomethylcoumarin hydrolyzing activity of the 26 S proteasomes but accumulated polyubiquitinated proteins. dβ5-Deficient cells had a phenotype similar to that of most PA700-deficient cells but also accumulated low molecular mass complexes containing subunits of the 20 S proteasome, probably representing unassembled precursors of the 20 S proteasomes. Cells deficient in several of the 26 S proteasome subunits were more resistant to otherwise toxic concentrations of various proteasome inhibitors. Our data suggest that those cells adapted to grow in conditions of impaired ubiquitin and proteasome-dependent protein degradation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6188-6197
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 22 2002

Fingerprint

Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
RNA Interference
Drosophila
RNA
Proteasome Inhibitors
Proteins
Ubiquitinated Proteins
Polyubiquitin
Double-Stranded RNA
Poisons
Cell proliferation
Molecular mass
Ubiquitin
Proteolysis
Hydrolysis
Cell Cycle
Cells
Cell Proliferation
Apoptosis
Phenotype

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Analysis of Drosophila 26 S proteasome using RNA interference. / Wójcikb, Cezary; Demartino, George N.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 277, No. 8, 22.02.2002, p. 6188-6197.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{ec82374482ca4a90bb3c9449d691b42b,
title = "Analysis of Drosophila 26 S proteasome using RNA interference",
abstract = "We have utilized double-stranded RNA interference (RNAi) to examine the effects of reduced expression of individual subunits of the 26 S proteasome in Drosophila S2 cells. RNAi significantly decreased mRNA and protein levels of targeted subunits of both the core 20 S proteasome and the PA700 regulatory complex. Cells deficient in any of several 26 S proteasome subunits (e.g. dβ5, dRpt1, dRpt2, dRpt5, dRpn2, and dRpn12) displayed decreased proteasome activity (as judged by hydrolysis of succinyl-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-aminomethylcoumarin), increased apoptosis, decreased cell proliferation without a specific block of the cell cycle, and accumulation of ubiquitinated cellular proteins. RNAi of many individual 26 S proteasome subunits promoted increased expression of many non-targeted subunits. This effect was not mimicked by chemical proteasome inhibitors such as lactacystin. Reduced expression of most targeted subunits disrupted the assembly of the 26 S proteasome. RNAi of six of eight targeted PA700 subunits disrupted that structure and caused accumulation of increased levels of uncapped 20 S proteasome. Notable exceptions included RNAi of dRpn10, a polyubiquitin binding subunit, and dUCH37, a ubiquitin isopeptidase. dRpn10-deficient cells showed a significant increase in succinyl-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-aminomethylcoumarin hydrolyzing activity of the 26 S proteasomes but accumulated polyubiquitinated proteins. dβ5-Deficient cells had a phenotype similar to that of most PA700-deficient cells but also accumulated low molecular mass complexes containing subunits of the 20 S proteasome, probably representing unassembled precursors of the 20 S proteasomes. Cells deficient in several of the 26 S proteasome subunits were more resistant to otherwise toxic concentrations of various proteasome inhibitors. Our data suggest that those cells adapted to grow in conditions of impaired ubiquitin and proteasome-dependent protein degradation.",
author = "Cezary W{\'o}jcikb and Demartino, {George N.}",
year = "2002",
month = "2",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1074/jbc.M109996200",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "277",
pages = "6188--6197",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of Drosophila 26 S proteasome using RNA interference

AU - Wójcikb, Cezary

AU - Demartino, George N.

PY - 2002/2/22

Y1 - 2002/2/22

N2 - We have utilized double-stranded RNA interference (RNAi) to examine the effects of reduced expression of individual subunits of the 26 S proteasome in Drosophila S2 cells. RNAi significantly decreased mRNA and protein levels of targeted subunits of both the core 20 S proteasome and the PA700 regulatory complex. Cells deficient in any of several 26 S proteasome subunits (e.g. dβ5, dRpt1, dRpt2, dRpt5, dRpn2, and dRpn12) displayed decreased proteasome activity (as judged by hydrolysis of succinyl-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-aminomethylcoumarin), increased apoptosis, decreased cell proliferation without a specific block of the cell cycle, and accumulation of ubiquitinated cellular proteins. RNAi of many individual 26 S proteasome subunits promoted increased expression of many non-targeted subunits. This effect was not mimicked by chemical proteasome inhibitors such as lactacystin. Reduced expression of most targeted subunits disrupted the assembly of the 26 S proteasome. RNAi of six of eight targeted PA700 subunits disrupted that structure and caused accumulation of increased levels of uncapped 20 S proteasome. Notable exceptions included RNAi of dRpn10, a polyubiquitin binding subunit, and dUCH37, a ubiquitin isopeptidase. dRpn10-deficient cells showed a significant increase in succinyl-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-aminomethylcoumarin hydrolyzing activity of the 26 S proteasomes but accumulated polyubiquitinated proteins. dβ5-Deficient cells had a phenotype similar to that of most PA700-deficient cells but also accumulated low molecular mass complexes containing subunits of the 20 S proteasome, probably representing unassembled precursors of the 20 S proteasomes. Cells deficient in several of the 26 S proteasome subunits were more resistant to otherwise toxic concentrations of various proteasome inhibitors. Our data suggest that those cells adapted to grow in conditions of impaired ubiquitin and proteasome-dependent protein degradation.

AB - We have utilized double-stranded RNA interference (RNAi) to examine the effects of reduced expression of individual subunits of the 26 S proteasome in Drosophila S2 cells. RNAi significantly decreased mRNA and protein levels of targeted subunits of both the core 20 S proteasome and the PA700 regulatory complex. Cells deficient in any of several 26 S proteasome subunits (e.g. dβ5, dRpt1, dRpt2, dRpt5, dRpn2, and dRpn12) displayed decreased proteasome activity (as judged by hydrolysis of succinyl-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-aminomethylcoumarin), increased apoptosis, decreased cell proliferation without a specific block of the cell cycle, and accumulation of ubiquitinated cellular proteins. RNAi of many individual 26 S proteasome subunits promoted increased expression of many non-targeted subunits. This effect was not mimicked by chemical proteasome inhibitors such as lactacystin. Reduced expression of most targeted subunits disrupted the assembly of the 26 S proteasome. RNAi of six of eight targeted PA700 subunits disrupted that structure and caused accumulation of increased levels of uncapped 20 S proteasome. Notable exceptions included RNAi of dRpn10, a polyubiquitin binding subunit, and dUCH37, a ubiquitin isopeptidase. dRpn10-deficient cells showed a significant increase in succinyl-Leu-Leu-Val-Tyr-aminomethylcoumarin hydrolyzing activity of the 26 S proteasomes but accumulated polyubiquitinated proteins. dβ5-Deficient cells had a phenotype similar to that of most PA700-deficient cells but also accumulated low molecular mass complexes containing subunits of the 20 S proteasome, probably representing unassembled precursors of the 20 S proteasomes. Cells deficient in several of the 26 S proteasome subunits were more resistant to otherwise toxic concentrations of various proteasome inhibitors. Our data suggest that those cells adapted to grow in conditions of impaired ubiquitin and proteasome-dependent protein degradation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037155196&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037155196&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1074/jbc.M109996200

DO - 10.1074/jbc.M109996200

M3 - Article

VL - 277

SP - 6188

EP - 6197

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 8

ER -