A rapid and reliable purification procedure is described that is useful for both analytical detection and quantitative recovery of milligram amounts of individual molecular variants of mouse α-fetoprotein (AFP). The appropriate separation conditions were developed with an analytical-size Mono Q anion-exchange column linked to an automated Fast Protein Liquid Chromatography™ system. Effective separations of fetal-derived AFP variants was accomplished within 20 min under mild conditions with an l-histidine buffer. Employing the optimal separation conditions established on the Mono Q HR 5/5 columnwe upscaled the procedure by using a preparative Mono Q HR 16/10 column in order to obtain milligram quantities of each molecular variant of AFP. Seven distinct isomeric forms of AFP could be recovered on the preparative anion exchanger in a highly reproducible manner. Each of the seven protein peaks eluted from the Mono Q column were confirmed to be distinct isoforms of AFP by isoelectric focusing and Western blotting developed with monospecific anti-AFP antisera. This method in its scaled up version offers the benefit of providing milligram quantities of immunochemically pure AFP isomers for structure and function studies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications|
|State||Published - 1990|
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