Concurrent coronary artery disease in a vessel remote from a chronic total occlusion (CTO) is common and presents a management dilemma. While the use of adjunctive coronary physiology to guide revascularization is now commonplace in the catheterization laboratory, the presence of a CTO provides a unique and specific situation whereby the physiological assessment is more complex and relies on theoretical assumptions. Broadly, the physiological assessment of a CTO relies on assessing the function and regression of collaterals, the assessment of the microcirculation, the impact of collateral steal as well as assessing the severity of a lesion in the donor vessel (the vessel supplying the majority of collaterals to the CTO). Recent studies have shown that physiological assessment of the donor vessel in the setting of a CTO may overestimate the severity of stenosis, and that after revascularization of a CTO, the index of ischemia may increase, potentially altering the need for revascularization. In this review article, we present the current literature on physiological assessment of patients with a CTO, management recommendations and identify areas for ongoing research.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions|
|State||Published - Jul 1 2019|
- myocardial infarction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine