In 2001 the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) released its Adult Treatment Panel (ATP) III report. This was an evidence-based report that upgraded cholesterol management guidelines. The update was made possible by a series of large, cholesterol-lowering clinical trials. These trials demonstrated strongly the efficacy and safety of cholesterol reduction in both primary and secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). The major recommendations of the report were several. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol continued to be identified as the major target of cholesterol-lowering therapy. However, more emphasis was given to HDL cholesterol and triglycerides as important targets for management. The concept of CHD risk equivalents was introduced. A CHD risk equivalent represents an absolute risk for future CHD events equal to that in persons with established CHD. Diabetes was identified as a CHD risk equivalent, requiring more intensive LDL-lowering therapy. Finally, the report placed more emphasis on the metabolic syndrome as a major, multiplex risk factor requiring increased clinical attention.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine