This retrospective study of formalin-fixed infiltrating breast cancer specimens compared manual immunohistochemical assay with a new image analyzer-assisted immunohistochemical quantitation method, using fluorescence in situ hybridization assay (FISH) as the standard. Following the manual immunohistochemical assay, 189 cases, including most manual immunohistochemically positive and some random negative cases, were analyzed by FISH assay for Her-2/neu gene amplification and by the Automated Cellular Imaging System (ACIS) for immunohistochemical staining. Using the FISH standard, the ACIS immunohistochemical assay attained a higher concordance rate and sensitivity than the manual immunohistochemical assay (91.0% and 88% vs 85.7% and 71%, respectively), with only a slight decrease in specificity (93% vs 96%, respectively). In particular, the ACIS immunohistochemical assay resulted in a higher correlation with the FISH assay in the manual immunohistochemical assay 2+ cases. The ACIS immunohistochemical assay achieved higher accuracy than the manual method according to receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. The ACIS method represents a substantial improvement over the manual method for objective evaluation of the HER-2/neu status.
- Breast cancer
- Fluorescence in situ hybridization
- Image analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine