Background: The Health ABC Heart Failure score has recently been shown to predict 5-year risk of incident heart failure in the elderly. We tested whether this risk score is associated with subclinical phenotypes of heart failure in a younger population. Methods: We stratified participants in the Dallas Heart Study aged 30 to 65 years who had a cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and no self-reported history of heart failure or cardiomyopathy into 4 previously defined Health ABC Heart Failure risk groups: low (<5%), average (5%-10%), high (10%-20%), and very high (>20% risk for heart failure within 5 years). We compared left ventricular (LV) structural and functional parameters and levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal proBNP among the 4 groups. Results: In the study cohort (N = 2,540), the percentage of subjects in the low-, average-, high-, and very high risk groups was 78%, 15%, 6%, and 1%, respectively. Indexed LV mass (80 ± 15 vs 90 ± 20 vs 95 ± 25 vs 116 ± 41 g/m2), concentricity (1.6 ± 0.3 vs 1.8 ± 0.4 vs 2.0 ± 0.5 vs 2.2 ± 0.7 g/mL), median BNP (2.8 vs 3.7 vs 4.9 vs 7.5 pg/mL) and N-terminal proBNP (26 vs 30 vs 40 vs 58 pg/mL), and prevalent LV systolic dysfunction and LV hypertrophy progressively increased across risk groups (P < .001 for all) independent of gender or method of indexing LV mass. Conclusions: The Health ABC Heart Failure score was associated with subclinical cardiac structural changes in the general population 30 to 65 years of age, suggesting that it may be a valid tool for identification of young individuals at increased risk for heart failure.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine