Auditory memory distortion for spoken prose

Joanna L. Hutchison, Timothy L. Hubbard, Blaise Ferrandino, Ryan Brigante, Jamie M. Wright, Bart Rypma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Observers often remember a scene as containing information that was not presented but that would have likely been located just beyond the observed boundaries of the scene. This effect is called boundary extension (BE; e.g., Intraub & Richardson, 1989). Previous studies have observed BE in memory for visual and haptic stimuli, and the present experiments examined whether BE occurred in memory for auditory stimuli (prose, music). Experiments 1 and 2 varied the amount of auditory content to be remembered. BE was not observed, but when auditory targets contained more content, boundary restriction (BR) occurred. Experiment 3 presented auditory stimuli with less content and BR also occurred. In Experiment 4, white noise was added to stimuli with less content to equalize the durations of auditory stimuli, and BR still occurred. Experiments 5 and 6 presented trained stories and popular music, and BR still occurred. This latter finding ruled out the hypothesis that the lack of BE in Experiments 1-4 reflected a lack of familiarity with the stimuli. Overall, memory for auditory content exhibited BR rather than BE, and this pattern was stronger if auditory stimuli contained more content. Implications for the understanding of general perceptual processing and directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1469-1489
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2012

Fingerprint

stimulus
Music
experiment
music
lack
Prose
Hearing
Experiment
Auditory Stimuli
Stimulus
Direction compound
Recognition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Attention
  • Audition
  • Boundary extension
  • Boundary restriction
  • Central tendency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Hutchison, J. L., Hubbard, T. L., Ferrandino, B., Brigante, R., Wright, J. M., & Rypma, B. (2012). Auditory memory distortion for spoken prose. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 38(6), 1469-1489. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028464

Auditory memory distortion for spoken prose. / Hutchison, Joanna L.; Hubbard, Timothy L.; Ferrandino, Blaise; Brigante, Ryan; Wright, Jamie M.; Rypma, Bart.

In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, Vol. 38, No. 6, 11.2012, p. 1469-1489.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hutchison, JL, Hubbard, TL, Ferrandino, B, Brigante, R, Wright, JM & Rypma, B 2012, 'Auditory memory distortion for spoken prose', Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, vol. 38, no. 6, pp. 1469-1489. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028464
Hutchison, Joanna L. ; Hubbard, Timothy L. ; Ferrandino, Blaise ; Brigante, Ryan ; Wright, Jamie M. ; Rypma, Bart. / Auditory memory distortion for spoken prose. In: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition. 2012 ; Vol. 38, No. 6. pp. 1469-1489.
@article{969256700de041a8a8215f0b42d28d25,
title = "Auditory memory distortion for spoken prose",
abstract = "Observers often remember a scene as containing information that was not presented but that would have likely been located just beyond the observed boundaries of the scene. This effect is called boundary extension (BE; e.g., Intraub & Richardson, 1989). Previous studies have observed BE in memory for visual and haptic stimuli, and the present experiments examined whether BE occurred in memory for auditory stimuli (prose, music). Experiments 1 and 2 varied the amount of auditory content to be remembered. BE was not observed, but when auditory targets contained more content, boundary restriction (BR) occurred. Experiment 3 presented auditory stimuli with less content and BR also occurred. In Experiment 4, white noise was added to stimuli with less content to equalize the durations of auditory stimuli, and BR still occurred. Experiments 5 and 6 presented trained stories and popular music, and BR still occurred. This latter finding ruled out the hypothesis that the lack of BE in Experiments 1-4 reflected a lack of familiarity with the stimuli. Overall, memory for auditory content exhibited BR rather than BE, and this pattern was stronger if auditory stimuli contained more content. Implications for the understanding of general perceptual processing and directions for future research are discussed.",
keywords = "Attention, Audition, Boundary extension, Boundary restriction, Central tendency",
author = "Hutchison, {Joanna L.} and Hubbard, {Timothy L.} and Blaise Ferrandino and Ryan Brigante and Wright, {Jamie M.} and Bart Rypma",
year = "2012",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1037/a0028464",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "1469--1489",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition",
issn = "0278-7393",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Auditory memory distortion for spoken prose

AU - Hutchison, Joanna L.

AU - Hubbard, Timothy L.

AU - Ferrandino, Blaise

AU - Brigante, Ryan

AU - Wright, Jamie M.

AU - Rypma, Bart

PY - 2012/11

Y1 - 2012/11

N2 - Observers often remember a scene as containing information that was not presented but that would have likely been located just beyond the observed boundaries of the scene. This effect is called boundary extension (BE; e.g., Intraub & Richardson, 1989). Previous studies have observed BE in memory for visual and haptic stimuli, and the present experiments examined whether BE occurred in memory for auditory stimuli (prose, music). Experiments 1 and 2 varied the amount of auditory content to be remembered. BE was not observed, but when auditory targets contained more content, boundary restriction (BR) occurred. Experiment 3 presented auditory stimuli with less content and BR also occurred. In Experiment 4, white noise was added to stimuli with less content to equalize the durations of auditory stimuli, and BR still occurred. Experiments 5 and 6 presented trained stories and popular music, and BR still occurred. This latter finding ruled out the hypothesis that the lack of BE in Experiments 1-4 reflected a lack of familiarity with the stimuli. Overall, memory for auditory content exhibited BR rather than BE, and this pattern was stronger if auditory stimuli contained more content. Implications for the understanding of general perceptual processing and directions for future research are discussed.

AB - Observers often remember a scene as containing information that was not presented but that would have likely been located just beyond the observed boundaries of the scene. This effect is called boundary extension (BE; e.g., Intraub & Richardson, 1989). Previous studies have observed BE in memory for visual and haptic stimuli, and the present experiments examined whether BE occurred in memory for auditory stimuli (prose, music). Experiments 1 and 2 varied the amount of auditory content to be remembered. BE was not observed, but when auditory targets contained more content, boundary restriction (BR) occurred. Experiment 3 presented auditory stimuli with less content and BR also occurred. In Experiment 4, white noise was added to stimuli with less content to equalize the durations of auditory stimuli, and BR still occurred. Experiments 5 and 6 presented trained stories and popular music, and BR still occurred. This latter finding ruled out the hypothesis that the lack of BE in Experiments 1-4 reflected a lack of familiarity with the stimuli. Overall, memory for auditory content exhibited BR rather than BE, and this pattern was stronger if auditory stimuli contained more content. Implications for the understanding of general perceptual processing and directions for future research are discussed.

KW - Attention

KW - Audition

KW - Boundary extension

KW - Boundary restriction

KW - Central tendency

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84874712296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84874712296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0028464

DO - 10.1037/a0028464

M3 - Article

C2 - 22612172

AN - SCOPUS:84874712296

VL - 38

SP - 1469

EP - 1489

JO - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition

JF - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition

SN - 0278-7393

IS - 6

ER -