Automated ARGET ATRP accelerates catalyst optimization for the synthesis of thiol-functionalized polymers

Daniel J. Siegwart, Matthias Leiendecker, Robert Langer, Daniel G. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Conventional synthesis of polymers by ATRP is relatively low throughput, involving iterative optimization of conditions in an inert atmosphere. Automated, high-throughput controlled radical polymerization was developed to accelerate catalyst optimization and production of disulfide-functionalized polymers without the need of an inert gas. Using ARGET ATRP, polymerization conditions were rapidly identified for eight different monomers, including the first ARGET ATRP of 2-(diethylamino)ethyl methacrylate and di(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate. In addition, butyl acrylate, oligo(ethylene glycol) methacrylate 300 and 475, 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate, styrene, and methyl methacrylate were polymerized using bis(2-hydroxyethyl) disulfide bis(2-bromo-2-methylpropionate) as the initiator, tris(2-pyridylmethyl)amine as the ligand, and tin(II) 2-ethylhexanoate as the reducing agent. The catalyst and reducing agent concentration was optimized specifically for each monomer, and then a library of polymers was synthesized systematically using the optimized conditions. The disulfide-functionalized chains could be cleaved to two thiol-terminated chains upon exposure to dithiothreitol, which may have utility for the synthesis of polymer bioconjugates. Finally, we demonstrated that these new conditions translated perfectly to conventional batch polymerization. We believe the methods developed here may prove generally useful to accelerate the systematic optimization of a variety of chemical reactions and polymerizations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1254-1261
Number of pages8
JournalMacromolecules
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 14 2012

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Methacrylates
Atom transfer radical polymerization
Sulfhydryl Compounds
Polymers
Catalysts
Ethylene Glycol
Reducing Agents
Polymerization
Reducing agents
Ethylene glycol
Disulfides
Monomers
Throughput
Noble Gases
Methyl Ethers
Styrene
Dithiothreitol
Free radical polymerization
Inert gases
Tin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this

Automated ARGET ATRP accelerates catalyst optimization for the synthesis of thiol-functionalized polymers. / Siegwart, Daniel J.; Leiendecker, Matthias; Langer, Robert; Anderson, Daniel G.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 45, No. 3, 14.02.2012, p. 1254-1261.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Siegwart, Daniel J. ; Leiendecker, Matthias ; Langer, Robert ; Anderson, Daniel G. / Automated ARGET ATRP accelerates catalyst optimization for the synthesis of thiol-functionalized polymers. In: Macromolecules. 2012 ; Vol. 45, No. 3. pp. 1254-1261.
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