Barrett’s Esophagus and Esophageal Carcinoma: Can Biomarkers Guide Clinical Practice?

Vani J.A. Konda, Rhonda F Souza

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Despite gastrointestinal societal recommendations for endoscopic screening and surveillance of Barrett’s esophagus, the rates of esophageal adenocarcinoma continue to rise. Furthermore, this current practice is costly to patients and the medical system without clear evidence of reduction in cancer mortality. The use of biomarkers to guide screening, surveillance, and treatment strategies might alleviate some of these issues. Recent Findings: Incredible advances in biomarker identification, biomarker assays, and minimally-invasive modalities to acquire biomarkers have shown promising results. Summary: We will highlight recently published, key studies demonstrating where we are with using biomarkers for screening and surveillance in clinical practice, and what is on the horizon regarding novel non-invasive and minimally invasive methods to acquire biomarkers. Proof-of principle studies using in silico models demonstrate that biomarker-guided screening, surveillance, and therapeutic intervention strategies can be cost-effective and can reduce cancer deaths in patients with Barrett’s esophagus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number14
JournalCurrent Gastroenterology Reports
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Endoscopic
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Imaging
  • Screening
  • Surveillance
  • Tissue

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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