Bronchial Artery Embolization

Sanjeeva P. Kalva

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Massive hemoptysis is a life-threatening emergency. Chest radiograph, computed tomography, and bronchoscopy play a complementary role in diagnosing the underlying cause of hemorrhage and localizing the bleeding site. Bronchial artery embolization remains the primary and most effective method in controlling massive hemoptysis. Bronchial and nonbronchial systemic arteries are the main source of bleeding and are embolized with polyvinyl alcohol particles or gelatin sponge. Immediate cessation of bleeding occurs in more than 75% of patients; however, long-term recurrences are common in patients with progressive lung disease. Complications are infrequent except for a rare occurrence of spinal cord ischemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-138
Number of pages9
JournalTechniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009

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Keywords

  • bronchial arteries
  • hemoptysis
  • intercostal arteries
  • transcatheter embolization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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