Cardiac auscultation: Using physiologic maneuvers to further identify heart murmurs

David J. Klocko, Christopher Hanifin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Auscultation of heart sounds and murmurs often is taught in a simulated environment with optimal listening conditions. Clinicians' auscultation skills can wither if they do not have contact with patients with valvular heart disease during clinical practice, or if they rely on handheld ultrasound devices or echocardiography. This article reviews heart murmurs and how to use physiologic maneuvers during the cardiac examination to assist in identifying murmurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-25
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

Keywords

  • cardiac auscultation
  • dynamic auscultation
  • holosystolic
  • midsystolic
  • murmurs
  • physiologic maneuvers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nurse Assisting

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