Cardiac myxoma causing acute ischemic stroke in a pediatric patient and a review of literature

Jennifer Fuchs, David Leszczyszyn, Don Mathew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Ischemic stroke in the pediatric population is a rare occurrence, and its possible causes span a wide differential that includes atrial myxomas. Myxomas are friable cardiac tumors that produce "showers" of emboli resulting in transient neurological deficits, cutaneous eruptions, and ophthalmologic deficits. Patient We present an 11-year-old boy with a months-long history of an intermittent spotted "rash" who presented with acute ischemic stroke caused by a left atrial myxoma. We also review clinical features in all 16 other cases of cardiac myxoma causing pediatric stroke reported in the literature. Results Our case, along with the review of the literature, highlights the fact that myxomas often initially present as stroke with acute hemiplegia and transient cutaneous eruptions due to fragmentation of the tumor. Conclusions Cardiac myxoma should be considered in any child presenting with ischemic stroke, and transient skin findings may provide an important diagnostic clue prior to onset of neurological symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-529
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Neurology
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • acute hemiplegia
  • cardiac myxoma
  • children
  • evanescent rash
  • retinal artery occlusion
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

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