Cerebro‐spinal Fluid Studies in Alcoholics and Violent Offenders

David Nutt, Bryon Adinoff, Bernard Ravitz, Ted George, Debra Risher‐Flowers, Michael Eckardt, George Bone, Peter Martin, Markku Linnoila

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Abstract: Firstly, the contribution that cerebro‐spinal fluid (CSF) studies have made to our understanding of the pathophysiology of alcohol withdrawal is addressed. Secondly, the developing literature, from our own studies and those of others, on abnormal CSF measurements in alcoholics and violent offenders is reviewed, with particular regard to impulsive murderers and arsonists. It is concluded that there is CSF evidence for increased norepinephrine function in alcohol withdrawal and an underlying serotonin hypofunction in impulsive disorders including some forms of alcoholism. Finally we report that patients with Korsakoff's syndrome may have central serotonin dysfunction since they show memory improvements during treatment with the serotonin uptake blocker fluvoxamine. Furthermore, these improvements correlate with the magnitude of change that fluvoxamine produces in CSF concentrations of the serotonin metabolite 5‐HIAA. 1988 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-108
Number of pages4
JournalDrug and Alcohol Review
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1988

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Keywords

  • alcohol amnestic disorder
  • Catecholamines
  • methoxyhydroxyphenylglycol
  • serotonin
  • violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Nutt, D., Adinoff, B., Ravitz, B., George, T., Risher‐Flowers, D., Eckardt, M., Bone, G., Martin, P., & Linnoila, M. (1988). Cerebro‐spinal Fluid Studies in Alcoholics and Violent Offenders. Drug and Alcohol Review, 7(1), 105-108. https://doi.org/10.1080/09595238880000231