Characteristics of Cell Lines Established from Human Gastric Carcinoma

Jae Gahb Park, Harold Frucht, Renato V. LaRocca, David P. Bliss, Yukio Kurita, Tchaw Ren Chen, Jerry G. Henslee, Jane B. Trepel, Robert T. Jensen, Bruce E. Johnson, Young Jue Bang, Jin Pok Kim, Adi F. Gazdar

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Abstract

We report the establishment and characterization of four continuous cell lines derived from human primary and metastatic gastric carcinomas, and we compare their properties with a panel of colorectal carcinoma cell lines previously established and reported by us. Our success rate in culturing gastric carcinomas was relatively low, especially from primary tumors, compared to colorectal carcinoma. These observations may reflect the relatively modest number of gastric carcinoma cell lines established (mainly from Japan), compared to the abundance of colorectal carcinoma lines established worldwide. All four gastric lines expressed the surface glycoproteins carcinoem-bryonic antigen and TAG-72 and three lines expressed CA 19–9. Two of the lines expressed aromatic amino acid decarboxylase but lacked other markers for neuroendocrine differentiation. All four lines were positive for vasoactive intestinal peptide receptors but lacked gastrin receptors. In addition, two lines expressed receptors for muscarinic/cholinergic receptors but not θergic receptors. Cytogenetic evidence for gene amplification was present in the cell lines. All four lines contained varying numbers of double-minute chromosomes. One line, SNU-16, was amplified for the c-myc proto-oncogene and contained four homogeneously staining regions. While c-myc and c-erb-B-2 RNA were expressed by all lines, there was no evidence of amplification or overexpression of several other proto-oncogenes and growth factors. The multiple properties we have described in our gastric carcinoma cell lines are remarkably similar to those found in the panel of colorectal carcinoma cell lines. These properties include morphology, growth characteristics, expression of surface glycoproteins, partial expression of neuroendocrine cell markers, frequent chromosomal evidence of gene amplification, and occasional amplification of the c-myc proto-oncogene. Our four well characterized cell lines should provide useful additions to the modest number currently available for in vitro studies of gastric carcinoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2773-2780
Number of pages8
JournalCancer Research
Volume50
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 1 1990

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Park, J. G., Frucht, H., LaRocca, R. V., Bliss, D. P., Kurita, Y., Chen, T. R., Henslee, J. G., Trepel, J. B., Jensen, R. T., Johnson, B. E., Bang, Y. J., Kim, J. P., & Gazdar, A. F. (1990). Characteristics of Cell Lines Established from Human Gastric Carcinoma. Cancer Research, 50(9), 2773-2780.