Microcell‐mediated chromosome transfer (MMCT) is a powerful genetic technique that permits the transfer of a single chromosome from one mammalian cell to another. The utility of MMCT for gene mapping strategies is critically dependent on the careful characterization of the chromosomes being transferred. We have recently reported the identification of a single rearranged human chromosome, designated Tneo, which corrects the UV sensitivity and excision repair defect of cells of xeroderma pigmentosum genetic complementation group D (XP‐D) in culture (Flejter WL et al., Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89:261–265, 1992). Additionally, those studies demonstrated a role for the excision repair cross‐complementing 2 (ERCC2) gene in the observed phenotypic correction. We now report the results of detailed conventional and molecular cytogenetic characterization of the complementing Tneo chromosome. This analysis revealed a complex rearrangement involving material from human chromosomes 16, 17, and 19. Characterization of deletions of Tneo which retained or lost XP‐D complementing ability mapped the gene responsible for phenotypic correction to a small region of the terminal q‐arm of this chromosome. This region includes the previously described human DNA repair gene cluster located in the region 19q13.2‐q13.3, a result consistent with the notion that the in vitro correction of XP‐D cells by the Tneo chromosome is rendered by die ERCC2 locus. The data illustrate the potential value of detailed cytogenetic characterization of a human chromosome present in a somatic cell hybrid, even when that material involves complex rearrangements.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research