Chemopreventive activity of a C-glucuronide analog of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide-O-glucuronide against mammary tumor development and growth

Hussein M. Abou-Issa, Galal A. Alshafie, Robert W. Curley, Man Fai Wong, Margaret Clagett-Dame, Joyce J. Repa, Vishal Sikri

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Abstract

The long term chemopreventive effects of the N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide-O-glucuronide (4-HPROG), and its stable C-linked benzyl glucuronide analog, retinamidobenzyl glucuronide (4-HPRCG) on the growth and development of 7,12-demthylbenz[a]anthracene-induced mammary tumors were compared. The retinamidobenzyl glucuronide is stable toward acid hydrolysis and resists the actions of β-glucuronidase. The results indicate that the C-linked glucuronide analog, 4-HPRCG has a greater chemopreventive potency than an equimolar concentration of 4-HPROG. Tumor latency was 15% longer in rats fed 2 mmol/kg diet of 4-HPRCG as compared to 4-HPROG. At 80 days post DMBA-intubation, tumor incidence was 57% and 27% in the 4-HPROG and 4-HPRCG treated rats, respectively. Tumor multiplicity was also markedly decreased in the 4-HPRCG treated rats. At 80 days post DMBA intubation the control rats had an average of 1.43 tumors/rat compared to 0.71 and 0.36 tumors/rat in the 4-HPROG and 4-HPRCG respectively. The higher potency and low toxicity of 4-HPRCG suggest that this stable analog may have an in vivo chemopreventive advantage over its analog, 4-HPROG. The results also demonstrated that these glucuronide analogs do not bind effectively in vitro either to the nuclear retinoid receptors or to the cellular retinoid binding proteins. Regardless of the mode of action of these retinoids, they are clearly effective chemopreventive agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)999-1004
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume19
Issue number2 A
StatePublished - Jun 14 1999

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Cancer chemoprevention
  • Retinoid glucuronides
  • Retinoids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Abou-Issa, H. M., Alshafie, G. A., Curley, R. W., Wong, M. F., Clagett-Dame, M., Repa, J. J., & Sikri, V. (1999). Chemopreventive activity of a C-glucuronide analog of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) retinamide-O-glucuronide against mammary tumor development and growth. Anticancer Research, 19(2 A), 999-1004.