Cytogenetic studies were performed on direct and 24-hour culture preparations of eight lymph node biopsies from seven patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or AIDS-related complex (ARC)-associated lymphadenopathy in whom histological evidence of lymphoma was not detected. Three of these seven had chromosomal abnormalities, including chromosome instability in one and clonal chromosomal abnormalities in two; one of the latter was a t(8;14)(q24;q32). The remaining five showed normal karyotypes. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) titers were elevated in all three patients that exhibited chromosome abnormalities, two of whom later developed malignant lymphoma. A control group of five patients with reactive lymphadenopathy not associated with AIDS failed to reveal chromosomal aberrations, but elevated EBV titers were present in two. These data are consistent with current views on the role of EBV and chromosome change in the development of lymphoma in immunodeficient states and suggest that karyotypically abnormal AIDS-related lymphadenopathy represents a prelymphomatous proliferation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology