Background and Purpose: Both endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and markers of neuroinflammation are candidate biomarkers for stroke severity and outcome prediction. A relationship between EPC and neuroinflammatory markers in early stroke is not fully elucidated. The objectives were to investigate correlations between EPC and neuroinflammation markers (adhesion molecules ICAM-1, VCAM-1, E-selectin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, endothelin (ET)-1, markers of tissue injury (matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-9 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMP)-1) in early stroke patients.Methods: We prospectively recruited symptomatic patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease. We assessed stroke severity by using of acute (diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and final lesion volumes (fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR). We measured serum soluble ICAM-1, VCAM-1, E-selectin, MMP-9, TIMP-1 and plasma TNF-α, IL-6, ET-1 by ELISA, and quantified EPC in mononuclear fraction of peripheral blood on days 1 and 3 in 17 patients (mean(SD) age 62(14), with admission National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) 10(8)) selected from 175 patients with imaging confirmed ischemic stroke. Non-parametric statistics, univariate and multivariate analysis were used.Results: Only ICAM-1 inversely correlated with EPC subset CD133+CD34+ on day 1 (Spearman r = -0.6, p < 0.01) and on day 3 (r = -0.967, p < 0.001). This correlation remained significant after adjustment for age and NIHSS (beta -0.992, p < 0.004), for glucose and systolic blood pressure (beta -0.86, p < 0.005), and for white blood cells and hematocrit (beta -1.057, p < 0.0001) on day 3. MMP-9 (r = 0.509, p < 0.04) and MMP-9/TIMP-1 (r = 0.59, p < 0.013) on day 1 correlated with acute lesion volume. Both IL-6 (r = 0.624, p < 0.01) and MMP-9/TIMP-1 (r = 0.56, p < 0.02) correlated with admission NIHSS.Conclusion: Our study showed that high ICAM-1 is associated with low CD133+CD34+subset of EPC. Biomarkers of neuroinflammation may predict tissue injury and stroke severity in early ischemia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)