Clathrin-independent pinocytosis is induced in cells overexpressing a temperature-sensitive mutant of dynamin

Hanna Damke, Takeshi Baba, Alexander M. Van Der Bliek, Sandra L. Schmid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

326 Scopus citations

Abstract

A stable HeLa cell line expressing a dynamin mutant, dyn(ts), exhibits a temperature-sensitive defect in endocytic clathrin-coated vesicle formation. Dyn(ts) carries a point mutation, G273D, corresponding to the Drosophila shibire(ts1) allele. The ts-defect in receptor mediated endocytosis shows a rapid onset (<5 min) and is readily reversible. At the nonpermissive temperature (38°C) HRP uptake is only partially inhibited. Moreover, when cells are held at the nonpermissive temperature, fluid phase uptake fully recovers to wildtype levels within 30 min, while receptor-mediated endocytosis remains inhibited. The residual HRP uptake early after shift to the nonpermissive temperature and the induced HRP uptake that occurs after recovery are insensitive to cytosol acidification under conditions that potently inhibit receptor-mediated endocytosis of Tfn. Together, these results suggest that a dynamin- and clathrin-independent mechanism contributes to the total constitutive pinocytosis in HeLa cells and that dyn(ts) cells rapidly and completely compensate for the loss of clathrin- dependent endocytosis by inducing an alternate endocytic pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-80
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume131
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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