The pharmacokinetic properties of methicillin were investigated in 59 newborn infants. Concentrations of methicillin in serum were approximately 58 and 80 μg/ml at one hour after 25 and 50 mg/kg doses, respectively. The average serum half-life values ranged from one to three hours and were inversely correlated with birth weight and chronologic age. The half-life values, volumes of distribution, and plasma clearances of methicillin are shown in relationship to gestational age and chronologic age. A dosage of 25 mg/kg is recommended for therapy of most neonatal staphylococcal diseases; the frequency of administration is altered on the basis of birth weight and chronologic age.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health