Clinical results and quality of life analysis for the MVAC combination (methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin) in carcinoma of the uterine cervix: A Gynecologic Oncology Group study

Harry J. Long, Bradley J. Monk, Helen Q. Huang, Edward C. Grendys, D. Scott McMeekin, Joel Sorosky, David S. Miller, Lynne A. Eaton, James V. Fiorica

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. The Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) compared methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (MVAC) with topotecan and cisplatin (TC) or cisplatin alone (C) in advanced cervical cancer. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), with response rate, progression-free survival (PFS), and quality of life (QOL) as secondary objectives. Methods. Eligible patients were randomly allocated to receive either cisplatin 50 mg/m2 q 3 weeks (C) or cisplatin 50 mg/m2 day 1 and topotecan 0.75 mg/m2 days 1-3 q 3 weeks (TC) or methotrexate 30 mg/m2 days 1, 15, and 22, vinblastine 3 mg/m2 days 2, 15, and 22, doxorubicin 30 mg/m 2 day 2, and cisplatin 70 mg/m2 day 2 q 4 weeks (MVAC). QOL was assessed at four time points using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cervix (FACT-Cx), Neurotoxicity Subscale (FACT/GOG-NTX subscale), and Brief Pain Inventory (BPI). Results. One hundred eighty-six patients (C = 60; TC = 63; MVAC = 63) were enrolled before MVAC was closed by the GOG Data Safety Monitoring Board after four treatment-related deaths occurred on that arm. MVAC produced a 22% overall response rate (95% CI: 0.13 to 0.34) and median PFS and OS of 4.4 months and 9.4 months, respectively. Compared with C and TC, there was more hematologic toxicity with MVAC. There were no appreciable differences in QOL scores after controlling for baseline scores. Conclusions. MVAC's clinical activity tended to be similar to that of TC but with an unacceptable risk of death from sepsis at this dose and schedule. Nevertheless, QOL, as measured by these instruments, was not substantially impaired by this regimen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-543
Number of pages7
JournalGynecologic oncology
Volume100
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

Keywords

  • Cervix cancer
  • Combination chemotherapy
  • Phase III

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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