Background: Autofluorescence bronchoscopy is more sensitive than conventional bronchoscopy for detecting early airway mucosal lesions. Decreased specificity can lead to excessive biopsy and increased procedural time. Onco-LIFE, a device that combines fluorescence and reflectance imaging, allows numeric representation by expressing red-to-green ratio (R/G ratio) within the region of interest. The aim of the study was to determine if color fluorescence ratio (R/G ratio) added to autofluorescence bronchoscopy could provide an objective means to guide biopsy. Methods: Subjects at risk for lung cancer were recruited at two centers: VU University Medical Centre (Amsterdam) and BC Cancer Agency (Canada). R/G ratio for each site appearing normal or abnormal was measured before biopsy. R/G ratios were correlated with pathology, and a receiver operating characteristic curve of R/G ratio for high-grade and moderate dysplasia was done. Following analysis of the training data set obtained from two centers, a prospective validation study was done. Results: Three thousand three hundred sixty-two adequate biopsies from 738 subjects with their corresponding R/G ratios were analyzed. R/G ratio 0.54 conferred 85% sensitivity and 80% specificity for the detection of high-grade and moderate dysplasia, area under the curve was 0.90, and 95% confidence interval was 0.88 to 0.92. In another 70 different sites that were assessed, κ measurements of agreement of R/G ratios with visual scores and pathology were 0.66 (P < 0.0001) and 0.61 (P < 0.0001), respectively. R/G ratio combined with visual score improved specificity to 88% (95% confidence interval, 0.73-0.96) for high-grade and moderate dysplasia. Conclusion: Color fluorescence ratio can objectively guide the bronchoscopist in selecting sites for biopsy with good pathologic correlation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research