Comorbidities and race/ethnicity among adults with stimulant use disorders in residential treatment

Katherine Sanchez, Karen G. Chartier, Tracy L. Greer, Robrina Walker, Thomas Carmody, Chad D. Rethorst, Kolette M. Ring, Adriane M. Dela Cruz, Madhukar H. Trivedi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Comorbid physical and mental health problems are associated with poorer substance abuse treatment outcomes; however, little is known about these conditions among stimulant abusers at treatment entry. This study compared racial and ethnic groups on baseline measures of drug use patterns, comorbid physical and mental health disorders, quality of life, and daily functioning among cocaine and stimulant abusing/dependent patients. Baseline data from a multi-site randomized clinical trial of vigorous exercise as a treatment strategy for a diverse population of stimulant abusers (N = 290) were analyzed. Significant differences between groups were found on drug use characteristics, stimulant use disorders, and comorbid mental and physical health conditions. Findings highlight the importance of integrating health and mental health services into substance abuse treatment and could help identify potential areas for intervention to improve treatment outcomes for racial and ethnic minority groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)79-95
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2015

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Residential Treatment
comorbidity
Comorbidity
Mental Health
ethnicity
mental health
Ethnic Groups
substance abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
drug use
Minority Groups
Mental Health Services
health
Cocaine
Mental Disorders
Pharmaceutical Preparations
national minority
quality of life
ethnic group
health service

Keywords

  • comorbidities
  • integration of physical and mental health
  • racial and ethnic minorities
  • stimulantabuse=dependence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

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abstract = "Comorbid physical and mental health problems are associated with poorer substance abuse treatment outcomes; however, little is known about these conditions among stimulant abusers at treatment entry. This study compared racial and ethnic groups on baseline measures of drug use patterns, comorbid physical and mental health disorders, quality of life, and daily functioning among cocaine and stimulant abusing/dependent patients. Baseline data from a multi-site randomized clinical trial of vigorous exercise as a treatment strategy for a diverse population of stimulant abusers (N = 290) were analyzed. Significant differences between groups were found on drug use characteristics, stimulant use disorders, and comorbid mental and physical health conditions. Findings highlight the importance of integrating health and mental health services into substance abuse treatment and could help identify potential areas for intervention to improve treatment outcomes for racial and ethnic minority groups.",
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AU - Chartier, Karen G.

AU - Greer, Tracy L.

AU - Walker, Robrina

AU - Carmody, Thomas

AU - Rethorst, Chad D.

AU - Ring, Kolette M.

AU - Dela Cruz, Adriane M.

AU - Trivedi, Madhukar H.

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