Comparative usefulness of ribotyping, exotoxin A genotyping, and SalI restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis for Pseudomonas aeruginosa lineage assessment

Marcelo M. Nociari, Mariana Catalano, Daniela Centrón García, Steven C. Copenhaver, Michael L. Vasil, Daniel O. Sordelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ribotyping, exotoxin A genotyping (EAGP), and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of total DNA with Sail (Sail RFLP) were compared for intraspecies discrimination of 93 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates. Typeability of all methods was 100% and the results of typing with each method remained unchanged during laboratory manipulation. Clonal groups defined with each molecular method were largely coincident and, in those cases where inconsistencies were detected, isolates were analyzed by transverse alternating field gel electrophoresis (TAFE) and arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (AP- PCR). SalI RFLP analysis was highly discriminative so as to distinguish unrelated isolates of close lineage. However, it was not a good method to identify isolates of unrelated lineage because SalI RFLP appeared to be subjected to convergent evolution. The index of discrimination suggested by Hunter and Gaston was determined to assess the discriminatory power of the molecular methods utilized either alone or in several combinations. Combined use of ribotyping and SalI RFLP analysis reached the highest index of discrimination (0.982) and proved to be a very valuable tool for epidemiological differentiation of P. aeruginosa isolates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-190
Number of pages12
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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