The transient receptor potential channel TRPV5 constitutes the apical entry pathway for transepithelial Ca2+ transport. We showed that TRPV5 was inhibited by both physiological intra- and extracellular acid pH. Inhibition of TRPV5 by internal protons was enhanced by extracellular acidification. Similarly, inhibition by external protons was enhanced by intracellular acidification. Mutation of either an extra- or an intracellular pH sensor blunted the crossinhibition by internal and external protons. Both internal and external protons regulated the selectivity filter gate. Using the substituted cysteine accessibility method, we found that intracellular acidification of TRPV5 caused a conformational change of the pore helix consistent with clockwise rotation along its long axis. Thus, rotation of pore helix caused by internal protons facilitates closing of TRPV5 by external protons. This regulation by protons likely contributes to pathogenesis of disturbances of Ca2+ transport in many diseased states. Rotation of pore helix may be a common mechanism for crossregulation of ion channels by extra- and intracellular signals.
- Substituted cysteine-accessibility method
- Transepithelial Ca transport
- Transient receptor potential
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)