Congenital Anomalies of the Superior Vena Cava: Embryological Correlation, Imaging Perspectives, and Clinical Relevance

Abed Ghandour, Karunakaravel Karuppasamy, Prabhakar Rajiah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations


There is a wide spectrum of congenital anomalies of the superior vena cava, which are more increasingly recognized in cross-sectional imaging. Although some of these anomalies are asymptomatic, others have important clinical and interventional implications. Imaging modalities such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging play an important role in the accurate characterization of these anomalies, which is essential for mapping prior to surgeries or interventions. In this article, we review a wide range of anomalies of the superior vena cava, including the embryological basis, cross-sectional imaging findings, and clinical implications, particularly from an interventional radiology perspective. We also discuss the treatments and complications of these anomalies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)456-462
Number of pages7
JournalCanadian Association of Radiologists Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017



  • Anomalies
  • Embryology
  • Superior vena cava

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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