Conservation of primary structure in the lipoyl-bearing and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase binding domains of mammalian branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex

Molecular cloning of human and bovine transacylase (E2) cDNAs

Kim S. Lau, Thomas A. Griffin, Chii Whei C Hu, David T. Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The subunit structures and conservation of the dihydrolipoyl transacylase (E2) components of bovine and human branched-chain a-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes were investigated by Western blotting, peptide sequencing, and cDNA cloning methods. Rabbit antiserum prepared against the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) denaturated bovine E2 subunit recognized the inner E2 core, and the first hinge region of the E2 chain, but failed to react with the lipoyl-bearing domain as determined by Western blot analysis. The lack of antigenicity in the lipoyl-bearing domain was confirmed with antibodies directed against the native E2 component. A human E2 cDNA (1.6 kb) was isolated from a human liver cDNA library in Xgtl 1 with a combination of the above anti-native and anti-SDS-denatured E2 immunoglobulin G's as a probe. The fidelity of the human E2 cDNA was established by nucleotide sequencing which showed the determined peptide sequences of the amino terminus and tryptic fragments of bovine E2. A bovine E2 cDNA (0.7 kb) was also isolated from a bovine liver cDNA library in λZAP with the human E2 cDNA as a probe. Northern blot analysis using the human E2 cDNA probe showed that E2 mRNAs in bovine liver and human kidney mesangial cells are 3.3 and 4.6 kb in size, respectively. Primary structures derived from human and bovine E2 cDNAs show leader sequences including the initiator methionine and the homologous mature peptides consisting of complete lipoyl-bearing and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3) binding domains and two hinge regions. In addition, the human E2 cDNA contains a portion of the inner E2 core sequence, a 3′-untranslated region, and a poly(A+) tail. Deduced amino acid sequences of the mammalian E2's were compared with those of Escherichia coli transacetylase and transsuccinylase and bovine kidney transacetylase. The results indicate a high degree of conservation in the sequence flanking the lipoyl-attachment site and in the E3-binding domain. Models are presented to discuss implications for the conserved structure-function relationship in the lipoyl-bearing and E3-binding domains of a-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1972-1981
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume27
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1988

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Bearings (structural)
3-Methyl-2-Oxobutanoate Dehydrogenase (Lipoamide)
Dihydrolipoamide Dehydrogenase
Cloning
Molecular Cloning
Conservation
Complementary DNA
Liver
Keto Acids
Hinges
Gene Library
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate
Peptides
Oxidoreductases
Western Blotting
Messenger RNA
dihydrolipoamide acyltransferase
3' Untranslated Regions
Mesangial Cells
Methionine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

@article{8c8fc6f03eab41dc9fd5ddae2e6cd842,
title = "Conservation of primary structure in the lipoyl-bearing and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase binding domains of mammalian branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex: Molecular cloning of human and bovine transacylase (E2) cDNAs",
abstract = "The subunit structures and conservation of the dihydrolipoyl transacylase (E2) components of bovine and human branched-chain a-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes were investigated by Western blotting, peptide sequencing, and cDNA cloning methods. Rabbit antiserum prepared against the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) denaturated bovine E2 subunit recognized the inner E2 core, and the first hinge region of the E2 chain, but failed to react with the lipoyl-bearing domain as determined by Western blot analysis. The lack of antigenicity in the lipoyl-bearing domain was confirmed with antibodies directed against the native E2 component. A human E2 cDNA (1.6 kb) was isolated from a human liver cDNA library in Xgtl 1 with a combination of the above anti-native and anti-SDS-denatured E2 immunoglobulin G's as a probe. The fidelity of the human E2 cDNA was established by nucleotide sequencing which showed the determined peptide sequences of the amino terminus and tryptic fragments of bovine E2. A bovine E2 cDNA (0.7 kb) was also isolated from a bovine liver cDNA library in λZAP with the human E2 cDNA as a probe. Northern blot analysis using the human E2 cDNA probe showed that E2 mRNAs in bovine liver and human kidney mesangial cells are 3.3 and 4.6 kb in size, respectively. Primary structures derived from human and bovine E2 cDNAs show leader sequences including the initiator methionine and the homologous mature peptides consisting of complete lipoyl-bearing and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3) binding domains and two hinge regions. In addition, the human E2 cDNA contains a portion of the inner E2 core sequence, a 3′-untranslated region, and a poly(A+) tail. Deduced amino acid sequences of the mammalian E2's were compared with those of Escherichia coli transacetylase and transsuccinylase and bovine kidney transacetylase. The results indicate a high degree of conservation in the sequence flanking the lipoyl-attachment site and in the E3-binding domain. Models are presented to discuss implications for the conserved structure-function relationship in the lipoyl-bearing and E3-binding domains of a-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes.",
author = "Lau, {Kim S.} and Griffin, {Thomas A.} and Hu, {Chii Whei C} and Chuang, {David T.}",
year = "1988",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "1972--1981",
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T1 - Conservation of primary structure in the lipoyl-bearing and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase binding domains of mammalian branched-chain α-keto acid dehydrogenase complex

T2 - Molecular cloning of human and bovine transacylase (E2) cDNAs

AU - Lau, Kim S.

AU - Griffin, Thomas A.

AU - Hu, Chii Whei C

AU - Chuang, David T.

PY - 1988

Y1 - 1988

N2 - The subunit structures and conservation of the dihydrolipoyl transacylase (E2) components of bovine and human branched-chain a-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes were investigated by Western blotting, peptide sequencing, and cDNA cloning methods. Rabbit antiserum prepared against the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) denaturated bovine E2 subunit recognized the inner E2 core, and the first hinge region of the E2 chain, but failed to react with the lipoyl-bearing domain as determined by Western blot analysis. The lack of antigenicity in the lipoyl-bearing domain was confirmed with antibodies directed against the native E2 component. A human E2 cDNA (1.6 kb) was isolated from a human liver cDNA library in Xgtl 1 with a combination of the above anti-native and anti-SDS-denatured E2 immunoglobulin G's as a probe. The fidelity of the human E2 cDNA was established by nucleotide sequencing which showed the determined peptide sequences of the amino terminus and tryptic fragments of bovine E2. A bovine E2 cDNA (0.7 kb) was also isolated from a bovine liver cDNA library in λZAP with the human E2 cDNA as a probe. Northern blot analysis using the human E2 cDNA probe showed that E2 mRNAs in bovine liver and human kidney mesangial cells are 3.3 and 4.6 kb in size, respectively. Primary structures derived from human and bovine E2 cDNAs show leader sequences including the initiator methionine and the homologous mature peptides consisting of complete lipoyl-bearing and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3) binding domains and two hinge regions. In addition, the human E2 cDNA contains a portion of the inner E2 core sequence, a 3′-untranslated region, and a poly(A+) tail. Deduced amino acid sequences of the mammalian E2's were compared with those of Escherichia coli transacetylase and transsuccinylase and bovine kidney transacetylase. The results indicate a high degree of conservation in the sequence flanking the lipoyl-attachment site and in the E3-binding domain. Models are presented to discuss implications for the conserved structure-function relationship in the lipoyl-bearing and E3-binding domains of a-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes.

AB - The subunit structures and conservation of the dihydrolipoyl transacylase (E2) components of bovine and human branched-chain a-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes were investigated by Western blotting, peptide sequencing, and cDNA cloning methods. Rabbit antiserum prepared against the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) denaturated bovine E2 subunit recognized the inner E2 core, and the first hinge region of the E2 chain, but failed to react with the lipoyl-bearing domain as determined by Western blot analysis. The lack of antigenicity in the lipoyl-bearing domain was confirmed with antibodies directed against the native E2 component. A human E2 cDNA (1.6 kb) was isolated from a human liver cDNA library in Xgtl 1 with a combination of the above anti-native and anti-SDS-denatured E2 immunoglobulin G's as a probe. The fidelity of the human E2 cDNA was established by nucleotide sequencing which showed the determined peptide sequences of the amino terminus and tryptic fragments of bovine E2. A bovine E2 cDNA (0.7 kb) was also isolated from a bovine liver cDNA library in λZAP with the human E2 cDNA as a probe. Northern blot analysis using the human E2 cDNA probe showed that E2 mRNAs in bovine liver and human kidney mesangial cells are 3.3 and 4.6 kb in size, respectively. Primary structures derived from human and bovine E2 cDNAs show leader sequences including the initiator methionine and the homologous mature peptides consisting of complete lipoyl-bearing and dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3) binding domains and two hinge regions. In addition, the human E2 cDNA contains a portion of the inner E2 core sequence, a 3′-untranslated region, and a poly(A+) tail. Deduced amino acid sequences of the mammalian E2's were compared with those of Escherichia coli transacetylase and transsuccinylase and bovine kidney transacetylase. The results indicate a high degree of conservation in the sequence flanking the lipoyl-attachment site and in the E3-binding domain. Models are presented to discuss implications for the conserved structure-function relationship in the lipoyl-bearing and E3-binding domains of a-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes.

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