Constitutive diffuse activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase at the plasma membrane by v-Src suppresses the chemotactic response to PDGF by abrogating the polarity of PDGF receptor signalling

Anna Platek, Vassil S. Vassilev, Philippe de Diesbach, Donatienne Tyteca, Marcel Mettlen, Pierre J. Courtoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cancer cells depend on chemotaxis for invasion and frequently overexpress and/or activate Src. We previously reported that v-Src accelerates motility by promoting phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3-K) signalling but abrogates chemotaxis. We here addressed the mechanism of the loss of chemotactic response to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) gradients in fibroblasts harbouring a thermosensitive v-Src kinase. At non-permissive temperature, PDGF receptor (PDGFR) signalling, assessed by phosphoY751-specific antibodies (a docking site for PI3-K), was not detected without PDGF and showed a concentration-dependent PDGF response. Both immunolabeling of PI3-K (p110) and live cell imaging of its product (phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5 tris-phosphate) showed PI3-K recruitment and activation at lamellipodia polarized towards a PDGF gradient. Centrosomes and PDGFR- and Src-bearing endosomes were also oriented towards this gradient. Upon v-Src thermoactivation, (i) Y751 phosphorylation was moderately induced without PDGF and synergistically increased with PDGF; (ii) PI3-K was recruited and activated all along the plasma membrane without PDGF and did not polarize in response to a PDGF gradient; and (iii) polarization of centrosomes and of PDGFR-bearing endosomes were also abrogated. Thus, PDGF can further increase PDGFR auto-phosphorylation despite strong Src kinase activity, but diffuse downstream activation of PI3-K by Src abrogates cell polarization and chemotaxis: "signalling requires silence".

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1090-1105
Number of pages16
JournalExperimental Cell Research
Volume313
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2007

Keywords

  • Chemotaxis
  • Live cell imaging
  • Phosphoinositide 3-kinase
  • Platelet-derived growth factor
  • Src

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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