Susceptibility artifacts caused by stainless steel orthodontic appliances (braces) pose significant challenges in clinical brain MRI examinations. We introduced field correction device (FCD) utilizing permanent magnets to cancel the induced B0 inhomogeneity and mitigate geometric distortions in MRI. We evaluated a prototype FCD using a 3D-printed head phantom in this proof of concept study. The phantom was compartmented into anterior frontal lobe, temporal lobe, fronto-parieto-occipital lobe, basal ganglia and thalami, brain stem, and cerebellum and had built-in orthogonal gridlines to facilitate the quantification of geometric distortions and volume obliterations. Stainless steel braces were mounted on dental models of three different sizes with total induced magnetic moment 0.15 to 0.17 A·m2. With braces B0 standard deviation (SD) ranged from 2.8 to 3.7 ppm in the temporal and anterior frontal lobes vs. 0.2 to 0.3 ppm without braces. The volume of brain regions in diffusion weighted imaging was obliterated by 32-38% with braces vs. 0% without braces in the cerebellum. With the FCD the SD of B0 ranged from 0.3 to 1.2 ppm, and obliterated volume ranged from 0 to 6% in the corresponding brain areas. These results showed that FCD can effectively decrease susceptibility artifacts from orthodontic appliances.
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