CT in the evaluation of pleural versus pulmonary disease in children

R. H. Cleveland, R. P. Foglia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Post pneumonic empyema in children is the result of infection by Staphylococcus aureus in approximately 80% of cases. Approximately 93% of children with empyema respond well to treatment with appropriate antibiotics and drainage of the pleural space. We present seven children in whom such therapy failed to produce an adequate response. Computed tomography alone clearly excluded persistent pneumonia as a cause of symptoms while in all seven patients revealing an unexpectedly extensive empyema rind. This information, coupled with the lack of clinical improvement and the specific organism isolated, led to a change in clinical management. These children were infected by organisms other than Staphylococcus aureus and required surgical decortication of the fibrinous pleural rind to alleviate persistent symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalPediatric Radiology
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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