Choriocarcinoma cell lines characteristically synthesize and secrete the α- and β-subunits of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), as well as the intact heterodimer. Treatment of one such cell line, BeWo, with 8-bromo-adenosine 3′:5′-cyclic monophosphate (8-Br-cAMP) causes at least a 10-fold increase in the concentration of the mRNA encoding each subunit. Changes in mRNA concentrations are associated with similar changes in transcription rates of both the CGα and CGβ genes, although the kinetics of their transcriptional responses are different. Transcription of the α-subunit gene increases rapidly and becomes maximal within 1 hr after addition of 8-Br-cAMP. By contrast, transcription of the CGβ gene increases slowly and progressively for at least 8 hr after treatment with 8-Br-cAMP. The slow transcriptional response of the CGβ gene(s) appears to be unique compared to that of other cAMP-responsive genes, and suggests that the cyclic nucleotide may regulate transcription of the CG genes by different mechanisms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology