DNA and RNA polymerase activities in the purified nuclear fraction from cultured rabbit corneal epithelial cells were assayed over a range of substrate (labeled dTTP or UTP) concentrations using calf thymus DNA as template. Effects of carbamylcholine on polymerase activities were evaluated over a range of drug concentrations including those saturating muscarinic receptors. Carbamylcholine significantly (p < 0.001) enhanced activity of both polymerases, both in nuclei incubated with the drug during assay and in nuclei from carbamylcholine-treated cells. Drug effects were blocked by atropine. Regression analysis of Hill plots for variation of polymerase activity with carbamyl choline concentration indicated half-maximal activity of both polymerases at approximately 1 μM carbamylcholine. Mechanisms by which carbamylcholine may alter polymerase activities are discussed in relation to effects of the drug on nuclear enzymes of cyclic nucleotide metabolism and on cyclic nucleotide-dependent protein phosphorylation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience