The major dose-limiting adverse effect of ricin A chain-containing immunotoxin (IT) therapy is vascular leak syndrome (VLS). Since plasma fibronectin (Fn) plays a role in maintaining microcirculatory integrity and since the gradient between plasma and tissue Fn can be altered in various pathological situations, we determined whether the administration of IT-ricin A chain to patients resulted in changes in the levels of serum Fn and, if so, whether these changes correlated with the severity of VLS. We also measured the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), a proinflammatory cytokine which has been implicated in tissue damage and in interleukin 2-mediated VLS. Our results indicate that the most severe manifestations of VLS were associated with the highest pretreatment levels of Fn, the largest decreases in Fn immediately after starting IT therapy, increases in the levels of serum TNFα, higher concentrations of circulating IT, and the lowest numbers of circulating tumor cells. These parameters should, therefore, be useful for predicting which patients will have severe VLS.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Oct 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research