Delayed Gastric Emptying in Prelung Transplant Patients Is Associated with Posttransplant Acute Cellular Rejection Independent of Reflux

Taylor Derousseau, Walter W. Chan, David Cangemi, Vaidehi Kaza, Wai Kit Lo, Sravanya Gavini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Goal: The goal of this study was to evaluate the relationship between pretransplant delayed gastric emptying (DGE) and posttransplant acute cellular rejection (ACR) in lung transplant recipients. Background: DGE is very prevalent (23% to 91%) after lung transplantation but pretransplant prevalence has not been well studied. DGE may lead to poor posttransplant outcomes by predisposing to microaspiration. Pretransplant testing for DGE may help identify patients at risk for negative posttransplant outcomes including ACR. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of consecutive patients undergoing prelung transplant evaluation at a tertiary referral center from 2010 to 2015 was performed. Patients with pretransplant gastric emptying scintigraphy were included in the study. ACR diagnosis was made using International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) histologic criteria. Typical gastroparesis symptoms at the time of gastric emptying scintigraphy and pretransplant 24-hour pH impedance monitoring (MII-pH) data was collected. Logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Subgroup analyses were performed to account for gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Results: A total of 83 subjects (18 with DGE, 51.8% male, mean age: 53.6 y) met the criteria for inclusion. Patients with DGE were more likely to have typical symptoms of gastroparesis, though 61.1% of DGE patients were asymptomatic. ACR was more prevalent in patients with DGE (33.3% vs. 12.3%, P=0.04). This correlation was independent of GER as measured by MII-pH on subgroup analysis (75% vs. 14.3%, n=0.02). Discussion: Lung transplant recipients with pretransplant DGE have a higher incidence of ACR, independent of GER. Routine pretransplant testing for DGE may help identify patients at greater risk for adverse posttransplant outcomes as the majority of patients with DGE are asymptomatic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E121-E125
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022

Keywords

  • acute rejection
  • delayed gastric emptying
  • gastroesophageal reflux
  • gastroparesis
  • lung transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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