DEPTOR in POMC neurons affects liver metabolism but is dispensable for the regulation of energy balance

Alexandre Caron, Sébastien M. Labbé, Mathilde Mouchiroud, Renaud Huard, Damien Lanfray, Denis Richard, Mathieu Laplante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have recently demonstrated that specific overexpression of DEP-domain containing mTOR-interacting protein (DEPTOR) in the mediobasal hypothalamus (MBH) protects mice against high-fat diet-induced obesity, revealing DEPTOR as a significant contributor to energy balance regulation. On the basis of evidence that DEPTOR is expressed in the proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons of the MBH, the present study aimed to investigate whether these neurons mediate the metabolic effects of DEPTOR. Here, we report that specific DEPTOR overexpression in POMC neurons does not recapitulate any of the phenotypes observed when the protein was overexpressed in the MBH. Unlike the previous model, mice overexpressing DEPTOR only in POMC neurons 1) did not show differences in feeding behavior, 2) did not exhibit changes in locomotion activity and oxygen consumption, 3) did not show an improvement in systemic glucose metabolism, and 4) were not resistant to high-fat diet-induced obesity. These results support the idea that other neuronal populations are responsible for these phenotypes. Nonetheless, we observed a mild elevation in fasting blood glucose, insulin resistance, and alterations in liver glucose and lipid homeostasis in mice overexpressing DEPTOR in POMC neurons. Taken together, these results show that DEPTOR overexpression in POMC neurons does not affect energy balance regulation but could modulate metabolism through a brain-liver connection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1322-R1331
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume310
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

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Pro-Opiomelanocortin
Neurons
Liver
Hypothalamus
High Fat Diet
Obesity
TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
Phenotype
Glucose
Feeding Behavior
Locomotion
Oxygen Consumption
Insulin Resistance
Blood Glucose
Fasting
Homeostasis
Lipids
Brain
Population
Proteins

Keywords

  • DEPTOR
  • Energy balance
  • Glucose metabolism
  • mTOR
  • POMC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

DEPTOR in POMC neurons affects liver metabolism but is dispensable for the regulation of energy balance. / Caron, Alexandre; Labbé, Sébastien M.; Mouchiroud, Mathilde; Huard, Renaud; Lanfray, Damien; Richard, Denis; Laplante, Mathieu.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, Vol. 310, No. 11, 06.2016, p. R1322-R1331.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caron, Alexandre ; Labbé, Sébastien M. ; Mouchiroud, Mathilde ; Huard, Renaud ; Lanfray, Damien ; Richard, Denis ; Laplante, Mathieu. / DEPTOR in POMC neurons affects liver metabolism but is dispensable for the regulation of energy balance. In: American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology. 2016 ; Vol. 310, No. 11. pp. R1322-R1331.
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