Derivation and Validation of a Clinical Prediction Score to Identify the Isolation of Pseudomonas in Pneumonia

Yana Maskov, James Sanders, Belen Tilahun, Sara A. Hennessy, Joan Reisch, Meagan Johns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Given the focus of existing clinical prediction scores on identifying drug-resistant pathogens as a whole, the application to individual pathogens and other institutions may yield weaker performance. This study aimed to develop a locally derived clinical prediction model for Pseudomonas-mediated pneumonia. This retrospective study included patients $18 years of age who were admitted to an academic medical center between 1 July 2010 and 31 July 2020 with a CDC National Healthcare Safety Network confirmed pneumonia diagnosis and were receiving antimicrobials during the index encounter, with a positive respiratory culture. Cystic fibrosis patients were excluded. Logistic regression analysis identified risk factors associated with the isolation of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from respiratory cultures within the derivation cohort (n = 186), which were weighted to generate a prediction score that was applied to the derivation and internal validation (n = 95) cohorts. A total of 281 patients met the inclusion criteria. Five predictor variables were identified, namely, tracheostomy status (4 points), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (5 points), enteral nutrition (9 points), chronic steroid use (11 points), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolation from any culture in the prior 6 months (14 points). At a score of .11, the prediction score demonstrated a sensitivity of 52.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 36.4 to 68.0%) and a specificity of 84.9% (95% CI, 72.4 to 93.35%) in the validation cohort. Score accuracy was 70.5% (95% CI, 60.3 to 79.4%), and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was 0.77 (95% CI, 0.68 to 0.87) in the validation cohort. A prediction score for identifying Pseudomonas aeruginosa in pneumonia was derived, which may have the potential to decrease the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics. Validation with larger and external cohorts is necessary. IMPORTANCE In this study, we aimed to develop a locally derived clinical prediction model for Pseudomonas-mediated pneumonia. Utilizing a locally validated prediction score may help direct therapeutic management and be generalizable to other clinical settings and similar populations for the selection of appropriate antimicrobial coverage when data are lacking. Our study highlights a unique patient population, including immunocompromised, structural lung disease, and transplant patients. Five predictor variables were identified, namely, tracheostomy status, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, enteral nutrition, chronic steroid use, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolation from any culture in the prior 6 months. A prediction score for identifying Pseudomonas aeruginosa in pneumonia was derived, which may have the potential to decrease the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, although validation with larger and external cohorts is necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMicrobiology Spectrum
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • multidrug resistant
  • pneumonia
  • Pseudomonas
  • risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Ecology
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Genetics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Infectious Diseases

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