Detection of Anti-MICA Antibodies in Patients Awaiting Kidney Transplantation, during the Post-transplant Course, and in Eluates from Rejected Kidney Allografts by Luminex Flow Cytometry

Yizhou Zou, Falko M. Heinemann, Hans Grosse-Wilde, Guido Sireci, Zhengnan Wang, Bhavna Lavingia, Peter Stastny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previously we have reported on the development of antibodies against MICA alleles in kidney transplant recipients. These alloantibodies have now been determined using a new assay using Luminex beads bound to soluble recombinant MICA antigens produced in insect cells. In the present study we have analyzed sera from 85 kidney transplant recipients on the waiting list and 66 patients transplanted within the last 4 years and 59 acid eluates obtained from allograft nephrectomy specimens. Many of the patients in those groups were sensitized and some had previous transplants (waiting list: 15%; post-tx: 7.6%; eluates 22%) and their sera were found to contain anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) and anti-MICA antibodies. Anti-MICA antibodies were detected in 21/85 (24.7%) of the waiting list patients and in 15/66 (22.7%) of the transplanted recipients; 11 of the eluates (18.6%) were found to have MICA-specific antibodies (6 of them also had anti-HLA antibodies and 5 did not). These data suggested that immunization against mismatched MICA alleles induces development of anti-MICA antibodies. The finding of MICA allele-specific antibodies in eluates of kidney transplants suggests that anti-MICA antibodies can be involved in the pathogenesis of kidney allograft rejection. Further studies will be required to determine whether patients who produce alloantibodies against MICA alleles are at risk for transplant rejection even when no HLA antibodies are detected.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)230-237
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Immunology
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

Keywords

  • Luminex flow cytometry
  • MICA alloantibodies
  • biotinylation
  • kidney transplantation
  • recombinants

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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