Detection of the free acid of bimatoprost in aqueous humor samples from human eyes treated with bimatoprost before cataract surgery

Carl B. Camras, Carol B. Toris, Birgitta Sjoquist, Monica Milleson, John Olof Thorngren, Thomas W. Hejkal, Nehal Patel, Edward M. Barnett, Regina Smolyak, S. Fareed Hasan, Courtney Hellman, Jane L. Meza, Martin B. Wax, Johan Stjernschantz

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Abstract

To determine whether bimatoprost is hydrolyzed to its free acid after topical application in humans in vivo. Prospective, masked, and vehicle controlled. Thirty-one eyes of 31 patients with cataracts. Beginning 7 days before scheduled cataract surgery, one eye of each patient was treated with bimatoprost 0.03% or vehicle once daily, with the last drop administered 2 to 12 hours before anterior chamber paracentesis before cataract surgery. In a masked fashion, aqueous humor specimens were assayed for bimatoprost and its free acid by high-pressure liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. Detection of the free acid of bimatoprost in aqueous humor. Aqueous humor concentrations of the free acid of bimatoprost were 22.0±7.0 nmol/l (mean ± standard error of the mean, n = 12) and 7.0±4.6 nmol/l (n = 8) at 2 and 12 hours, respectively, and below the limit of detection after vehicle (n = 10). Concentrations of bimatoprost (amide) were 5.7±1.4 and 1.1±0.4 nmol/l at 2 and 12 hours, respectively, and undetectable after vehicle. After topical application of bimatoprost in humans, a sufficient concentration of its free acid, a potent FPprostanoid receptor agonist, is found in the aqueous humor to account for its ability to reduce intraocular pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2193-2198
Number of pages6
JournalOphthalmology
Volume111
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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Camras, C. B., Toris, C. B., Sjoquist, B., Milleson, M., Thorngren, J. O., Hejkal, T. W., ... Stjernschantz, J. (2004). Detection of the free acid of bimatoprost in aqueous humor samples from human eyes treated with bimatoprost before cataract surgery. Ophthalmology, 111(12), 2193-2198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2004.06.028