Purpose: To examine the observational effectiveness of the dexamethasone (DEX) intravitreal implant (Ozurdex; Allergan, Inc., Irvine, CA) in the treatment of noninfectious uveitic macular edema in patients with otherwise quiescent uveitis.
Design: Retrospective chart review.
Participants: A total of 27 consecutive patients with persistent macular edema resistant to standard shortterm therapy despite quiescent noninfectious intermediate or posterior uveitis.
Methods: Each patient was treated with a DEX 0.7 mg implant.
Main Outcome Measures: Primary outcome measure was resolution of macular edema 1 month after injection as measured by decrease in central macular thickness (CMT). Secondary outcome was change in visual acuity 1, 2, and 3 months after injection.
Results: A total of 27 eyes of 27 patients were included for analysis. One eye was randomly selected for 6 of these patients who received bilateral DEX implants. There was a statistically significant reduction in mean CMT 1 month after DEX implantation (mean, 278.9 μm; range, 206-352 μm) compared with baseline (mean, 478.7 μm; range, 330-667 μm) (P < 0.0001). There was a statistically significant improvement in visual acuity at 3 months (logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR] 0.41; 20/51) compared with baseline (logMAR 0.60; 20/80) (P = 0.0005). There were no major complications after DEX implantation.
Conclusions: The DEX implant resulted in a statistically significant improvement in mean CMT and visual acuity without any serious adverse events.
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