OBJECTIVE. Both benign and malignant causes of calcifications in the nipple-areolar complex exist. BI-RADS terminology applies to the description and classification of nipple-areolar calcifications in the same way it does to calcifications elsewhere in the breast. Minimally invasive sampling can be performed safely and accurately with ultrasound- guided techniques, with a few technical modifications. CONCLUSION. This article provides insight regarding the management algorithm and image-guided interventional techniques for sampling nipple-areolar calcifications as an essential competency for breast imaging practices.
- Nipple biopsy
- Nipple-areolar calcifications
- Ultrasound biopsy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging