Diagnosis, management, and percutaneous sampling of nipple-areolar calcifications: How radiologists can help patients avoid the operating room

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE. Both benign and malignant causes of calcifications in the nipple-areolar complex exist. BI-RADS terminology applies to the description and classification of nipple-areolar calcifications in the same way it does to calcifications elsewhere in the breast. Minimally invasive sampling can be performed safely and accurately with ultrasound- guided techniques, with a few technical modifications. CONCLUSION. This article provides insight regarding the management algorithm and image-guided interventional techniques for sampling nipple-areolar calcifications as an essential competency for breast imaging practices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-56
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Volume216
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Nipple biopsy
  • Nipple-areolar calcifications
  • Ultrasound biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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