Objective: To evaluate psychometric properties and comparability ability of the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) vs. the Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician-rated (QIDS-C16) and Self-report (QIDS-SR16) scales to detect a current major depressive episode in the elderly. Method: Community and clinic subjects (age ≥60 years) were administered the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) for DSM-IV and three depression scales randomly. Statistics included classical test and Samejima item response theories, factor analyzes, and receiver operating characteristic methods. Results: In 229 elderly patients (mean age = 73 years, 39% male, 54% current depression), all three scales were unidimensional and with nearly equal Cronbach α reliability (0.85-0.89). Each scale discriminated persons with major depression from the non-depressed, but the QIDS-C 16 was slightly more accurate. Conclusion: All three tests are valid for detecting geriatric major depression with the QIDS-C16 being slightly better. Self-rated QIDS-SR16 is recommended as a screening tool as it is least expensive and least time consuming.
- Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale
- Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician-rated
- Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self-report
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health