Differences in the rate of lymph node invasion in men with clinically localized prostate cancer might be related to the continent of origin

Alberto Briganti, Shahrokh F. Shariat, Felix K H Chun, Georg C. Hutterer, Claus Roehrborn, Andrea Gallina, Patrizio Rigatti, Luc Valiquette, Francesco Montorsi, Pierre I. Karakiewicz

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To test whether the rate of lymph node invasion (LNI) differs between patients treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) at a European or a North American centre. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 1385 men had RP with bilateral lymphadenectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer (587 from Dallas, Texas and 798 from Milan, Italy). Univariate and multivariate analyses focused on the association between the continent of origin and the rate of LNI, after controlling for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, clinical stage, biopsy Gleason sum and the number of examined and removed lymph nodes. RESULTS: European men had higher PSA levels (9.1 vs 7.8 ng/mL), a higher proportion of palpable cancers (44.5 vs 32.8%), more nodes removed (mean 14.9 vs 7.8) and a higher rate of LNI (9.0% vs 1.2%; all differences P < 0.001). In multivariate analyses that controlled for PSA level and clinical variables, European men had an 8.9-fold higher risk of LNI (P < 0.001) than their counterparts from the USA. Among preoperative variables, the continent of origin was the third most informative predictor of LNI (67.5%), after biopsy Gleason sum (74.3%) and the number of examined lymph nodes (71.0%), and improved the ability to predict LNI by 4.7%. CONCLUSION: Men treated at a European centre had a 7.3-8.9-fold higher rate of LNI, despite adjusting for all clinical and pathological variables. It remains to be shown what predisposes European men to a higher rate of LNI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)528-532
Number of pages5
JournalBJU international
Volume100
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2007

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Keywords

  • Lymph node invasion
  • Pelvic lymphadenectomy
  • Prostate cancer
  • Radical prostatectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

Cite this

Briganti, A., Shariat, S. F., Chun, F. K. H., Hutterer, G. C., Roehrborn, C., Gallina, A., Rigatti, P., Valiquette, L., Montorsi, F., & Karakiewicz, P. I. (2007). Differences in the rate of lymph node invasion in men with clinically localized prostate cancer might be related to the continent of origin. BJU international, 100(3), 528-532. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1464-410X.2007.07005.x