Laparoscopy and antibiotic-first (NOM) strategies have been introduced in the management of acute appendicitis in industrialised countries. Data regarding the feasibility of these strategies in low-income nations are sparse. A retrospective analysis of adult patients undergoing appendicectomy at a county non-teaching hospital in San Benito, Guatemala (Hospital Nacional (HNSB)) was compared to an academic, teaching institution in Dallas, USA (Veterans Medical Centre). Most patients at the VA (92%) underwent computed tomography prior to being operated upon while none did so at HNSB. Whilst all patients at HNSB underwent an open approach, 95% of VA patients underwent a laparoscopic appendicectomy with a 4.7% conversion rate. General anaesthesia was universally used at Veterans Medical Centre, whilst spinal anaesthesia was utilised in 88% of cases at HNSB. NOM of acute appendicitis was undertaken only rarely at the Veterans Medical Centre and never at HNSB, where it was not thought expedient.
- public health
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases