Differential effects of acute thermal injury on rat splanchnic and renal blood flow and prostanoid release

S. I. Myers, J. P. Minei, A. Casteneda, R. Hernandez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the hypothesis that acute thermal injury decreases renal and splanchnic blood flow which correlates with altered endogenous vasodilator eicosanoid release. Anesthetized male Wistar rats were subjected to sham or a non-resuscitated 30% total body surface area burn. At 1, 2, 4, 8, and 24 h post-burn mean arterial pressure as well as superior mesenteric and renal artery in vivo blood flow were measured. The superior mesenteric and renal arteries were cannulated and perfused in vitro with their end organs with Krebs buffer (pH 7.4, 37°C). Renal and splanchnic 6-keto-PGF (PGI2), PGE2, and thromboxane B2 (TXB2) release were measured by EIA at 15 min of perfusion. Renal and superior mesenteric artery blood flow decreased by 40% or more at 1 and 2 h post-burn despite mean arterial pressure remaining unchanged. The major eicosanoids released were PGI2 from the splanchnic bed and PGI2 and PGE2 from the kidney. Splanchnic PGI2 and TXB2 release and renal TXB2 increased 2-3 fold at 1 h post-burn but returned to the sham level at 2 h post-burn. By 24 h post-burn the vasodilator eicosanoids were increased in both the splanchnic and renal vascular beds. These data show that decreased renal and splanchnic blood flow was associated with increased endogenous release of the potent vasoconstrictor TXB2. By 2 h post-burn, renal and splanchnic blood flow began returning toward the sham level as endogenous release of TXB2 from both organs fell to sham levels. These data suggest that increased endogenous release of TXB2 may contribute to the short-term decrease in renal and splanchnic blood flow in the immediate post-burn period and thus may contribute to ischemia of both vascular beds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-444
Number of pages6
JournalProstaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids
Volume53
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995

Fingerprint

Thromboxane B2
Viscera
Renal Circulation
Prostaglandins
Burns
Rats
Blood
Hot Temperature
Epoprostenol
Eicosanoids
Wounds and Injuries
Superior Mesenteric Artery
Kidney
Vasodilator Agents
Dinoprostone
Renal Artery
Blood Vessels
Arterial Pressure
Vasoconstrictor Agents
Body Surface Area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Differential effects of acute thermal injury on rat splanchnic and renal blood flow and prostanoid release. / Myers, S. I.; Minei, J. P.; Casteneda, A.; Hernandez, R.

In: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, Vol. 53, No. 6, 1995, p. 439-444.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "This study examines the hypothesis that acute thermal injury decreases renal and splanchnic blood flow which correlates with altered endogenous vasodilator eicosanoid release. Anesthetized male Wistar rats were subjected to sham or a non-resuscitated 30{\%} total body surface area burn. At 1, 2, 4, 8, and 24 h post-burn mean arterial pressure as well as superior mesenteric and renal artery in vivo blood flow were measured. The superior mesenteric and renal arteries were cannulated and perfused in vitro with their end organs with Krebs buffer (pH 7.4, 37°C). Renal and splanchnic 6-keto-PGF1α (PGI2), PGE2, and thromboxane B2 (TXB2) release were measured by EIA at 15 min of perfusion. Renal and superior mesenteric artery blood flow decreased by 40{\%} or more at 1 and 2 h post-burn despite mean arterial pressure remaining unchanged. The major eicosanoids released were PGI2 from the splanchnic bed and PGI2 and PGE2 from the kidney. Splanchnic PGI2 and TXB2 release and renal TXB2 increased 2-3 fold at 1 h post-burn but returned to the sham level at 2 h post-burn. By 24 h post-burn the vasodilator eicosanoids were increased in both the splanchnic and renal vascular beds. These data show that decreased renal and splanchnic blood flow was associated with increased endogenous release of the potent vasoconstrictor TXB2. By 2 h post-burn, renal and splanchnic blood flow began returning toward the sham level as endogenous release of TXB2 from both organs fell to sham levels. These data suggest that increased endogenous release of TXB2 may contribute to the short-term decrease in renal and splanchnic blood flow in the immediate post-burn period and thus may contribute to ischemia of both vascular beds.",
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