Discovery of tumor-specific irreversible inhibitors of stearoyl CoA desaturase

Panayotis C. Theodoropoulos, Stephen S. Gonzales, Sarah E. Winterton, Carlos Rodriguez-Navas, John S. McKnight, Lorraine K. Morlock, Jordan M. Hanson, Bethany Cross, Amy E. Owen, Yingli Duan, Jose R. Moreno, Andrew Lemoff, Hamid Mirzaei, Bruce A. Posner, Noelle S. Williams, Joseph M. Ready, Deepak Nijhawan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A hallmark of targeted cancer therapies is selective toxicity among cancer cell lines. We evaluated results from a viability screen of over 200,000 small molecules to identify two chemical series, oxalamides and benzothiazoles, that were selectively toxic at low nanomolar concentrations to the same 4 of 12 human lung cancer cell lines. Sensitive cell lines expressed cytochrome P450 (CYP) 4F11, which metabolized the compounds into irreversible inhibitors of stearoyl CoA desaturase (SCD). SCD is recognized as a promising biological target in cancer and metabolic disease. However, SCD is essential to sebocytes, and accordingly SCD inhibitors cause skin toxicity. Mouse sebocytes did not activate the benzothiazoles or oxalamides into SCD inhibitors, providing a therapeutic window for inhibiting SCD in vivo. We thus offer a strategy to target SCD in cancer by taking advantage of high CYP expression in a subset of tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)218-225
Number of pages8
JournalNature Chemical Biology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2016

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Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase
Benzothiazoles
Neoplasms
Cell Line
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Poisons
Metabolic Diseases
Lung Neoplasms
Skin
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Theodoropoulos, P. C., Gonzales, S. S., Winterton, S. E., Rodriguez-Navas, C., McKnight, J. S., Morlock, L. K., ... Nijhawan, D. (2016). Discovery of tumor-specific irreversible inhibitors of stearoyl CoA desaturase. Nature Chemical Biology, 12(4), 218-225. https://doi.org/10.1038/nchembio.2016

Discovery of tumor-specific irreversible inhibitors of stearoyl CoA desaturase. / Theodoropoulos, Panayotis C.; Gonzales, Stephen S.; Winterton, Sarah E.; Rodriguez-Navas, Carlos; McKnight, John S.; Morlock, Lorraine K.; Hanson, Jordan M.; Cross, Bethany; Owen, Amy E.; Duan, Yingli; Moreno, Jose R.; Lemoff, Andrew; Mirzaei, Hamid; Posner, Bruce A.; Williams, Noelle S.; Ready, Joseph M.; Nijhawan, Deepak.

In: Nature Chemical Biology, Vol. 12, No. 4, 01.04.2016, p. 218-225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Theodoropoulos, PC, Gonzales, SS, Winterton, SE, Rodriguez-Navas, C, McKnight, JS, Morlock, LK, Hanson, JM, Cross, B, Owen, AE, Duan, Y, Moreno, JR, Lemoff, A, Mirzaei, H, Posner, BA, Williams, NS, Ready, JM & Nijhawan, D 2016, 'Discovery of tumor-specific irreversible inhibitors of stearoyl CoA desaturase', Nature Chemical Biology, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 218-225. https://doi.org/10.1038/nchembio.2016
Theodoropoulos PC, Gonzales SS, Winterton SE, Rodriguez-Navas C, McKnight JS, Morlock LK et al. Discovery of tumor-specific irreversible inhibitors of stearoyl CoA desaturase. Nature Chemical Biology. 2016 Apr 1;12(4):218-225. https://doi.org/10.1038/nchembio.2016
Theodoropoulos, Panayotis C. ; Gonzales, Stephen S. ; Winterton, Sarah E. ; Rodriguez-Navas, Carlos ; McKnight, John S. ; Morlock, Lorraine K. ; Hanson, Jordan M. ; Cross, Bethany ; Owen, Amy E. ; Duan, Yingli ; Moreno, Jose R. ; Lemoff, Andrew ; Mirzaei, Hamid ; Posner, Bruce A. ; Williams, Noelle S. ; Ready, Joseph M. ; Nijhawan, Deepak. / Discovery of tumor-specific irreversible inhibitors of stearoyl CoA desaturase. In: Nature Chemical Biology. 2016 ; Vol. 12, No. 4. pp. 218-225.
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