DNA methylation-associated inactivation of TGFβ-related genes DRM/Gremlin, RUNX3, and HPP1 in human cancers

M. Suzuki, H. Shigematsu, D. S. Shames, N. Sunaga, T. Takahashi, N. Shivapurkar, T. Iizasa, E. P. Frenkel, J. D. Minna, T. Fujisawa, A. F. Gazdar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

The transforming growth factor β (TGFβ)-signalling pathway is deregulated in many cancers. We examined the role of gene silencing via aberrant methylation of DRM/Gremlin and HPP1, which inhibit TGFβ signalling, and RUNX3, which facilitates TGFβ-signalling, of all genes that are thought to be tumour suppressors, are aberrantly expressed, and are thus thought to have important role in human cancers. We examined DRM/Gremlin mRNA expression in 44 cell lines and the promoter methylation status of DRM/Gremlin, HPP1, and RUNX3 in 44 cell lines and 511 primary tumours. The loss of DRM/Gremlin mRNA expression in human cancer cell lines is associated with DNA methylation, and treatment with the methylation inhibitor-reactivated mRNA expression (n=13). Methylation percentages of the three genes ranged from 0-83% in adult tumours and 0-50% in paediatric tumours. Methylation of DRM/Gremlin was more frequent in lung tumours in smokers, and methylation of all three genes was inversely correlated with prognosis in patients with bladder or prostate cancer. Our results provide strong evidence that these TGFβ-related genes are frequently deregulated through aberrant methylation in many human malignancies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1029-1037
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume93
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 31 2005

Keywords

  • DRM/Gremlin (CKTSF1B1)
  • HPP1
  • Methylation
  • RUNX3
  • TGFβ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Suzuki, M., Shigematsu, H., Shames, D. S., Sunaga, N., Takahashi, T., Shivapurkar, N., Iizasa, T., Frenkel, E. P., Minna, J. D., Fujisawa, T., & Gazdar, A. F. (2005). DNA methylation-associated inactivation of TGFβ-related genes DRM/Gremlin, RUNX3, and HPP1 in human cancers. British Journal of Cancer, 93(9), 1029-1037. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6602837