There is increasing evidence that DSA are associated with poor graft survival, although there are little data in children. We aimed to describe the incidence of DSA in this group and to determine correlation with graft survival. HLA antibodies were analysed in 59 paediatric cardiac transplant recipients. Mean age 10.4 (0.7-18.5) yr, mean time post-transplant 5.1 (0.3-17.3) yr. Antibody detection/identification was performed on the Luminex platform with subsequent identification using Lifescreen Identification kits/One-Lambda Single antigen kits. Forty patients (69%) had no HLA antibodies. DSA were found in four (7%). One had transient Class I antibodies and normal cardiac function. The other three had persistent Class II antibodies (two subsequently required re-transplantation, the third had cardiac failure due to CAV). Non-DSA were found in 15 (25%), all with normal graft function and without rejection. There was no difference in function or CAV prevalence between those with non-DSA and those without antibodies. HLA DSA is uncommon in paediatric cardiac allograft recipients but, if persistent, suggests poorer prognosis. In our series, antibodies to HLA class II on donor tissue were associated with increased graft loss. Routine screening and regular testing are recommended.
- human leucocyte antigens
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health